B: CHEST

In the ABCs we consider Airway and then Breathing. There are all sorts of lungs diseases, including sarcoid and ILD. But in the ER our focus is on a few main categories: lung collapse, hyperinflation from obstructive lung disease, or lungs filled with fluid, pus or tumour. Think of CHEST: Collapse (pneumothorax) Hyperinflate (asthma/COPD) Effusion/edema…

A: Airway = ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP

Emergency Medicine starts with the ABCs, and the “A” means two questions for every patient: 1) Apply c-collar (to protect cervical spine in the trauma patient)? and 2) Airway management? For the second question we need to be aware of the conditions that can directly affect the airway. These should be considered in every patient…